Still at the Back of the Bus – Discuss Questions:
1. According to Gan Sylvia Rivera “contextualized political praxis, informed by her life experiences, both resisted and provisionally while simultaneously resisting reductive definition”. What is your opinion on this statement after reading the article and from what we have learned throughout the course?
2. As I was reading the article by Gan I found the comparison of Rivera to Rosa Parks to be very interesting. Do you believe that Rivera acts during the Stonewall riots are in fact comparable to Rosa Parks and the boycott in Montgomery Alabama during the struggle against segregation?
3. After reading the article, I was very intrigued by Sylvia Rivera and being a transgender woman of Puerto Rican descent but did anyone else feel that Gan almost made it seem that Rivera was the beginning of the trans liberation movement? I may be wrong but I wanted to get other opinions of this as well. After reviewing the notes the Dewey lunch counter sit in took place prior to Rivera
1.) What is it about the Ballroom Culture Bailey finds to be particularly transformative and subversive as a tactic for HIV/AIDS prevention and awareness?
2.) What does the author believe to be problematic with typical and widely used methods of informing the public (specifically certain “communities” deemed as “high risk”) about the HIV/AIDS epidemic?
3.) What stigmas are created within our culture about HIV/AIDS regarding ethnicity, geography, and socioeconomics? Why are certain communities within the population deemed as “high risk” groups? How do these stigmas serve to perpetuate “high risk” groups?
1. Racial profiling is wrong and is not acceptable when it comes to issues regarding security. How is this type of trans profiling or gender profiling any different from racial profiling?
2. Do you think surveillance of these bodies is justified due to the need for identification and security purposes? Is it acceptable to believe that because someone is different, they may be a suspicious person?
3. Why is concealing one’s gender identity to fit male or female, or going “stealth” so important in our society?
1. Chen works to deconstruct the concept of what it means to be human by speaking of humans and animals together as opposed to separately. For him to further build on this, he reconstructs his approach to form a foundation that animals share these same challenges. In what ways does Chen relate being human to being an animal? How does the concept of trans-animality redefine humanity?
2. Chen largely focuses on “body without organs” as part of his theory. However what particular influences does Deleuze have on Chen’s assumptions?
3. Hayward describes instead of removing a limb as “losing” part of oneself, cutting the limb allows for growth of a new part. Her use of the term “regeneration” allows her to explain it as “reshaping ones body and redefining oneself.” Though using words such as “cutting,” she adapts it to the process of transitioning in a positive way. However, why does the current language in trans-surgeries imply a negative connotation?
1. The term “animacy” emphasizes the associations between humans and non-human animals. In what ways does the concept of “animacy” influence the way transgender individuals move across space?
2. Think about how we defined the terms “transgender” and “queer” at the beginning of the semester. How does Chen embrace collaborative possibilities of thinking about transgender alongside/across queerness?
3. Last class we talked about the effectiveness of incorporating science and the concept of “animacy” into transgender studies. Does the song “i’ll grow back like a starfish” teach us about transexual embodiment? If so, what does it teach us? Consider Hayward’s description of regeneration as shaping and remaking bodily boundaries.
1. Joan Roughgarden raises the question, “whether variation within species is good in its own right or whether it is simply a collection of impurities every species is stuck with” (pg. 147). When I was reading her question I couldn’t help but to find myself rereading her question. The words, “stuck with” had me wondering what she meant by having your impurities “stuck with you”. How did you come about Roughgarden basic question?
2. Throughout the semester we have been distinguishing the difference between sex and gender. Joan Roughgarden makes it simple and defines sex as being a mixer of genes when reproducing. She then defines gender as society’s understanding of sex, “male” or “female”. When you were reading the section titled- “Gender Defined”, what did you think about all her examples of different species that don’t follow gender conformity?
3. Roughgarden says, “Changing sex has been suggested as a better way of obtaining a heterosexual pairing than moving somewhere else to find a partner of the opposite sex when traveling around is risky” (pg. 153). This reminded me of Kokumo and her video called, “There Will Come A Day” and how transgender violence will always continue even after genital reconstruction surgery. What are your thoughts about getting a sex change to fit into society’s categories?
1. In this innovative celebration of diversity and affirmation of individuality in animals and humans, Joan Roughgarden challenges accepted wisdom about gender identity and sexual orientation. A distinguished evolutionary biologist, Roughgarden takes on the medical establishment, the Bible, social science—and even Darwin himself. When it comes to culture how does cultural transmission work in human populations?
2. A significant portion of this excerpt is dedicated to breaking down the gender and sexuality binary in the animal world. While I have some reservations regarding the scientific vigor of these chapters, I do feel the writer has made her point about the diversity of gender and sexuality. When it comes to gender and sexuality are “men” and “women” distinguished social categories?
3. Third Gender in biology. In addition to male and female sexes (defined as the production of small or large gametes), Joan Roughgarden argues that more than two genders exist in hundreds of animal species. How can the environment trigger the sex change in a social organization?