Discussion Questions: Transportation: Translating Filipino and Filipino American Tomboy Masculinities through Global Migration and Seafaring

Discussion Questions: Fajardo, Kale Bantigue. “Transportation: Translating Filipino and Filipino American Tomboy Masculinities through Global Migration and Seafaring.”

  1. The researcher, whom identifies as a tomboy, explained that when she identified herself as working-class, seamen reacted to the researcher as a man, whereas when she identified as middle/upper-class they interacted with the researcher as woman. As stated in the article, class plays a “significant marker of toyboyness” (532). What influence does class have on one’s gender identity? How does class affect how one’s gender is perceived by others?
  2. The argument made in this article is that when in transit gender identities become more fluid. Since gender is a cultural phenomenon, when one’s surroundings are in constant movement what affect is had on one’s cultural gender restrictions?
  3. The term pakiisa is a cultural concept within Filipino communities that stresses the goal of creating emotional oneness, equality and interdependence in group formation. In this study the commonality among the Oversea workers was their class. Is it markers of class identity as opposed to gender identity that creates group unity? 
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